Painting art in the Spain Renaissance appeared in the late stage of the 13th century. The 14th and 15th centuries were its early stage. The most important art schools were Catalonia art school and Valencian School.
Different from Italy, the Renaissance in Spain was lack of the humanism because of the monarchical power and the religion forces were too strong. The capitalism was weak in that time. By intervene of religion as well as the art merchants’ control, there were few nude paintings in Spain oil paintings, especially nude woman. The painting subjects contained two aspects: painting for eulogizing the royal class; painting the religion stories.
In the first half of the 16th century, Spain began to learn the Italy art widely. In the second half of the 16th century, the Roma art was popular in Spain imperial court. And the Mannerism appeared in locals. Different from the Italian Mannerism, in Spain, the oil painting showed religion mysticism. By the famous painting artist El Greco’s art work, the Spain oil painting developed into the golden stage and occupied an important position in Europe painting history.