The western art development and the painting style

The art history hands down from generation to generation. The spirit of civilization was also passed to us. In fact the oil paintings that we can see today are the artist’s fruits of wisdom based on their historical environment and their life experiences. Appreciating an oil painting, particularly an ancient oil painting art, we normally need to reference the artists’ times and compare the precious art style, even the following art development that we could find the exact position of the oil painting in art history, and understanding the true meaning of the artists beauty.

Oil painting world is a three-dimensional phenomenon that carried the oil painting’s changes and development.

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The Florentine School

The Florentine School In the initial and early stage of the Renaissance in Italy, the oil painting creation was centered in Florence. At that time, Florence was not only the richest city in Italy, it also Produced great literature and art masters: Dante, Boccaccio, Giotto, Masaccio and Da Vinci, Michelangelo were all lived and became famous in Florence. The city was also famous for the artists and became the cradle of the Italy Renaissance.

The Florentine School followed the humanism and inherited the ancient Roma art traditions. Artists explored to show the three-dimensional shape in the planes by the perspective method, light and shade painting method and anatomy. When painting the religion paintings, the artists tried to paint to gods according to the customs life to cater to people’s ideal figures. They stressed the rational and were strictly on the sketch and perspective skill. The painting artists sought the balance and union painting composition then.
Giotto was the founder of the Florentine Art. After him, Masaccio, Paolo Uccello, Sandro Botticelli were the main artists of this art school. In the High Renaissance, Da Vinci and Michelangelo were also belong to The Florentine School.

Oil painting in French Renaissance – Aesthetic conceptions under Imperial authority

The Renaissance started late in France. After the Hundred Years War French recovered the lost territory from England. The union political situation was a favorable factor for the development of culture.

In the end of the 15th century, the French troops invaded Italy and viewed the Renaissance culture and art in Italy. After that, many Italian artists came over to France. Until the 16th century, the French painting art was well developed by the influence of the Italy painting art and Nederland art. But the French Renaissance was different from Italy. It was not established on humanism, but affected by the powerful imperial authority. It was prospered under the KingFrancois I’s aesthetic conceptions. Fouquet was the most important painting artists in the early stage of the French Renaissance. He was named as the father of French Renaissance.

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High Renaissance

In Italy, the High Renaissance was from the end of the 15th century to the 16th century. After 1494, the French troops invaded Florence that made the city lost the position as the center of economy, political and culture in Italy. Instead of Florence, the Roma city which was ruled by Pope and the prosperous commercial city Venice became the new center.
The High Renaissance was remarked by the great art achievement of masters like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo,Raphael,Titian. They pushed the Renaissance developed into the most prosperous stage by their oil painting.