The Renaissance started late in France. After the Hundred Years War French recovered the lost territory from England. The union political situation was a favorable factor for the development of culture.
In the end of the 15th century, the French troops invaded Italy and viewed the Renaissance culture and art in Italy. After that, many Italian artists came over to France. Until the 16th century, the French painting art was well developed by the influence of the Italy painting art and Nederland art. But the French Renaissance was different from Italy. It was not established on humanism, but affected by the powerful imperial authority. It was prospered under the KingFrancois I’s aesthetic conceptions. Fouquet was the most important painting artists in the early stage of the French Renaissance. He was named as the father of French Renaissance.
In the first half of the 16th century, Fontainebleau art school was formed in French royal court. It developed based on Italy Mannerism. The oil painting artists attached importance on the line taste, they sought the fine and detailed painting skill. Their oil paintings were finished with heavy royal atmosphere. Fontainebleau art contributed and influenced greatly to French oil paintings, particularly on the spread of painting knowledge and skills. In the end of the 16th century, the religion as long as 30 years broke out in France that blocked oil painting art growth seriously. Hence, we can say the French Renaissance was broken then without finishing the historical mission and in Renaissance d, France did not have great master that famous in Europe.